Nieuwsbrief no9.

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ECFA Newsletter
www.europeanchinafriendshipassociation.nl Nieuwsbrief nummer 9 23-01-2020
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Dear friends,

Preface

Kong Hey Fa Choi! Happy New Year! Year of the Rat this year, for the first time we organize a new year’s meeting in Brussels, Belgium on February the 5th at 17.30 hour. You will also meet many new friends: representatives from 21 EU countries have signed up for the event; Those who are interested can sign up on our website. Each one of you should bring his/her passport and take it with you. The admission fee is €100 and of course, a dinner is included within the price: food from the French kitchen. Those who want to join the party can stay in Brussels for a fee of €150, you will stay in a five-star hotel in HAINAN. Please send me a copy of your passport by mail if you want to join us in Brussels on February the 5th.

On the 27th of January, we will start the Chinese year with a party in the New Century hotel in the Netherlands at 17h00. After dinner, we will be heading to the Theatre Amstelveen at around 19.15, for an exciting Chinese Show. Members who paid the full membership may participate for FREE. They will be able to take part in the trip to CHINA at the end of February at a price from £ 1895 based on two persons ticket for the four-star spa hotel, breakfast every day and a lot of excursions! Our website allows you to sign up. At the moment we have two new members in our board: Hedda Sasburg, has been in love with China for years and Qi HU, a journalist. You will meet them both during our events. I hope that you all will meet up on the 27th of January.

Best regards,
Roy Ho Ten Soeng Chairman ECFA

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China And EU May Hold Summit In Beijing At End Of March

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China and the EU are expected to hold their annual summit at the end of March, two weeks before Beijing hosts a high-profile meeting with the leaders of Central and Eastern European countries, according to two sources. The proposed date for the EU-China Summit was March 30-31, when Chinese Premier Li Keqiang would meet the European Commission’s new leadership in Beijing, the two European sources with knowledge of the matter said.

President Xi Jinping would then host this year’s Cooperation between China and Central and Eastern European Countries meeting – known as the “17+1” for the 17 European nations that take part – in Beijing, they said. The proposed date for that summit was April 15.

Li has hosted the 17+1 summit for the past six years. Xi is expected to replace him as host of the summit, deliver a keynote speech and meet the visiting dignitaries. Observers have said the change of host was evidence of Beijing’s efforts to upgrade its engagement with Europe amid intensifying rivalry with the United States. But one of the sources said there had been “frustration” among European Union officials that China had placed priority on the 17+1 meeting over the EU-China Summit, which was not expected to be hosted by Xi. The source said that EU officials, concerned about the summit between Beijing and Brussels being overshadowed, had proposed that it be held ahead of the 17+1 meeting.

This year is expected to see a flurry of visits between China and the EU as the two sides try to reach a landmark bilateral investment treaty, known as the Comprehensive Agreement of Investment, by the end of the year – and ideally by September, when Xi will attend a summit with leaders of the 27-member bloc in Leipzig, Germany. Talks are under way on revised market access offers that were exchanged by the two sides last month – a key part of the treaty. Both sides were looking to strike an ambitious deal with an emphasis on a level playing field and reciprocity in investment, according to EU officials. China is turning its attention to the EU after it secured an interim trade deal with the US that is due to be signed in Washington on Wednesday.

EU officials have complained that China was too focused on the trade war with the US. The EU is also closely following the progress and details of the US-China deal, especially the potential impact on European companies from market access arrangements.

Observers have said that the so-called phase one deal failed to address systemic issues such as Beijing’s subsidies to and reform of state-owned enterprises. They will be among the thorny issues to be discussed in the next round of US-China trade talks, and are also concerns in negotiations forBeijing’s investment treaty with Brussels.

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A Fruitful 2019 To A Promising 2020

The author is Chinese ambassador to the UK

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The year 2019 was an extraordinary one for both China and the United Kingdom. Beijing celebrated the 70th anniversary of the founding of the People’s Republic of China and continued to make progress in the new era along the path of socialism with Chinese characteristics. And the UK achieved important breakthroughs in Brexit and worked to build a “global Britain”. The year also marked the 65th anniversary of China-UK diplomatic relations at the chargé d’affaires level. Our relationship grew steadily, which can be summarized in four C’s.

The first C stands for communication between China and the UK at a higher level.
Queen Elizabeth II and Prime Minister Boris Johnson sent messages congratulating China on the 70th anniversary of the founding of New China. Premier Li Keqiang sent a congratulatory message to Johnson after the general election returned him to 10 Downing Street. In April 2019, Philip Hammond, then UK chancellor of the exchequer, attended the Second Belt and Road Forum for International Cooperation as the special representative of the British prime minister. And Mark Sedwill, Cabinet secretary and national security adviser led a delegation of permanent under-secretaries from more than 10 departments of the UK government to visit China.

Hu Chun Hua, Chinese vice-premier, visited the UK and hosted the 10th China-UK Economic and Financial Dialogue, where 69 outcomes were reached. And Chen Zhu, vice-chairman of the Standing Committee of the National People’s Congress, and Gao Yunlong, vice-chairman of the National Committee of the Chinese People’s Political Consultative Conference, visited the UK separately.

The second C stands for cooperation, which saw sustained expansion in the past year.
In the first 10 months of 2019, China-UK trade in goods reached $71.14 billion, increasing by about 8 percent year-on-year. Britain resumed beef exports to China. Thirty British companies attended the second China International Import Expo. The 15th World Chinese Entrepreneurs Conference, which was held in London for the first time, served as a new platform for cooperation. And the Shanghai-London Stock Connect was launched in June, the first-ever link between the Chinese capital market and a foreign market.
London saw the opening of new branches by Shanghai Pudong Development Bank, Agricultural Bank of China and China CITIC Bank. The British capital is also the world’s second-largest offshore clearing center and the largest offshore trading center for the Chinese currency, with China Construction Bank, the yuan clearing bank in London, achieving a total clearing volume of more than 40 trillion yuan ($7.4 trillion). Also, China and the UK signed an agreement on cooperation in third markets, which opened a new channel for China-UK cooperation on the Belt and Road Initiative.

The third C stands for closer cultural and people-to-people exchanges between China and the UK.
There has been steady progress in the implementation of the China-UK Joint Strategy for Science, Technology and Innovation Cooperation. Close to 200,000 Chinese students are studying in Britain. Across the UK, 30 Confucius Institutes and 161 Confucius classrooms have enrolled more than 190,000 students, and more than 1.7 million people have attended the various cultural events at the Confucius Institutes, and over 600 British schools are offering Chinese language courses.

A British government program known as “Generation UK” has enabled more than 10,000 British students to visit China for studies. Shanghai Symphony Orchestra and China National Peking Opera Company gave successful performances in the UK. And China-related events such as Festival of Spring, Happy Spring Festival and “China Lates” at the Science Museum were extremely popular.

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Exchanges and cooperation at the subnational level have also seen much expansion, evidenced by the increasing number of trade, cultural and tourism road shows in Britain by Chinese provinces and cities including Guizhou, Liaoning and Hunan provinces, and the city of Shenzhen. Every week, 168 flights operate between the two countries, facilitating exchanges of close to 2 million person-times a year. And China has become an important source of overseas tourists visiting the UK.

The fourth C stands for coordination on global issues.
China and the UK have stepped up coordination and communication under the framework of international organizations such as the United Nations, the G20 and the World Trade Organization. We have reached a consensus on opposing protectionism and unilateralism, and on supporting free trade and multilateralism, and joined hands to address global challenges such as climate change and bio-diversity depletion.

The year 2020 has special significance for China, for the UK and for China-UK relations. In 2020, China will complete the building of a moderately prosperous society in all aspects, which is our first centenary goal. It will then focus on realizing the second centenary goal of building a strong, modern socialist country in all aspects. The UK will have left the European Union and embarked on a new journey of building a “global Britain”.

The year 2020 also marks the fifth anniversary of the China-UK “Golden Era”. The China-UK relationship is standing at a new starting point and faces new opportunities for development. In 2020, I have three hopes for China-UK relations.

First, I hope China-UK relations will advance with steadier steps.

China and the UK should enhance strategic communication, deepen political mutual trust, see each other as partners rather than rivals, and view each other’s development as opportunities rather than threats. I hope our two countries will respect and accommodate each other’s core interests and major concerns, refrain from interfering in each other’s internal affairs and handle differences appropriately, so as to keep our relationship on the right track.

Second, I hope China-UK relations will deliver more tangible outcomes.

Both deeper reform and further opening-up in China, and Brexit in the UK will create huge opportunities, which our two countries should seize with both hands. We should foster a fair, transparent and non-discriminatory business environment for the companies of our two countries, which will in turn encourage deeper business cooperation across the board. In particular, we could expand cooperation on the Belt and Road Initiative, in order to make the pie of our common interests bigger and deliver more tangible benefits to the peoples of our two countries.

And third, I hope China-UK relations will take one step further.

Our two countries should follow the trend of our times by holding high the banners of multilateralism and free trade, and by championing cultural diversity and encouraging exchanges and mutual learning between different civilizations. As key global players, China and the UK should take up historical responsibilities, work together to build a community with a shared future for mankind, and make new contributions to world peace and development. Scottish author and government reformer Samuel Smiles said: “Hope is like the sun, which, as we journey toward it, casts the shadow of our burden behind us.

“The world is undergoing profound changes unseen in a century. Steady and sound development of the China-UK relationship will serve the common interests of both countries and will be conducive to world prosperity and progress.’’

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Can China And The EU Put Aside Their Differences And Find Common Ground?

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There was no shortage of geopolitical events in 2019. While sprawling US-China tensions occupied most of the year’s headlines, the EU also adjusted its strategic stance on China, in a move which is expected to shape the narrative of relationships across the Asian and European continents in 2020.

For the first time, on March 12, the EU labelled Beijing as “an economic competitor in pursuit of technological leadership and a systemic rival promoting alternative models of governance” in a document which mapped out a 10-point action plan to establish a more balanced relationship with China.

The harsh tone was a surprise to Beijing, which took a while to figure out a precise translation of “systemic rival” which properly reflected the shift in relations, according to a Chinese government adviser. Since then, China has strengthened its engagement with the EU, offering olive branches to Brussels and messages that cooperation outweighed conflict, delivered personally by Chinese President Ji Xinping on visits to Italy, Monaco and France in March, and reinforced at the annual China- EU summit in April.

In November, Beijing and Brussels signed a landmark deal to step up intellectual property protection for 100 branded products from both sides and China also appointed its first special envoy for European affairs – veteran diplomat Wu Hongbo – despite already having an ambassador to the European Union.

Observers have predicted that 2020 will be the Year of Europe for China, with an intensive agenda of visits between Brussels and Beijing planned and a playing up of the prospects for bilateral cooperation in the months ahead. However, diplomatic sources have warned that EU wariness and a lack of trust may cast a cloud over any substantial progress.

Investment treaty talks

The two sides are aiming to conclude an ambitious investment deal by September, when Xi is expected to attend a summit in Leipzig, Germany, with the leaders of the EU member states. Key to an agreement will be whether China can sufficiently reduce market barriers for EU firms.

The last round of talks, in Brussels in December, saw an exchange of revised offers of market access. China’s commerce ministry said the talks “achieved positive progress” while the EU was more cautious in its assessment.

In a statement sent via its embassy in Beijing, a spokesman for the EU described the timeline for negotiations as “ambitious” and said China needed to start showing the necessary level of ambition “now”.

The statement – which listed the EU’s key interests as financial services, information, communication technologies, telecommunications, manufacturing, health, biotechnology and maritime transport – called on China to deliver discipline for its state-owned enterprises and increased transparency for their subsidiaries to offer fairness and reciprocity to European firms.

“For the EU, substance will, of course, always prevail over speed,” it said.

US-China trade war

For most of 2019, China’s engagement with the EU was overshadowed by the trade war with the US. European diplomatic sources said Beijing had sidestepped the EU for most of the year because of its trade talks with Washington, only really turning

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its attention back towards Brussels in November. But they said the EU would not sit idly by while European companies were squeezed out of the market if the so-called phase one of the US-China deal – expected to be signed on January 15, according to US President Donald Trump – included favourable treatment for Washington in violation of World Trade Organisation rules.

Another adviser to the Chinese government said Beijing was treading carefully as it tried to make sure the text of the deal with Washington was in line with global trading rules to avoid damaging ties with its other key trading partners, including the EU.

Phil Hogan, the European commissioner for trade, said at a press interview in December that the US-China trade talks would not affect the investment dialogue between Beijing and Brussels. The EU had independent policies and would not choose a side, he said.

“We are not going to be treated as second-class citizens,” Hogan said. “The European Union is the most open internal trading bloc in the world, and we want everybody else to be the same.

“It’s up to the Chinese government to put forward their best market access proposals and to engage in a spirit of reciprocity with the European Union,” he said.

Building trust

Renewed pressure from the EU on China’s human rights record in 2019 intensified with the newly installed executive wasting no time in raising Beijing’s policies in Xinjiang and Hong Kong, In his first meeting with Chinese Foreign Minister Wang Yi in Madrid in December, the EU’s new foreign policy chief Josep Borrell said he had brought up Beijing’s response to the ongoing anti- government protests in Hong Kong, as well as the internment camps in Xinjiang where an estimated 1 million Uygurs are detained. China has been firm that it sees any overseas commentary on both these issues as an interference in its domestic affairs.

Nevertheless, European diplomats in Beijing have pointed to several areas in which the two sides could expand their cooperation, despite the rift on human rights issues. These include immigration and economic recovery in the Middle East, economic development in Africa, as well as the fight against climate change and the world’s shrinking biodiversity.

Wang Yiwei, head of EU studies with Renmin University in Beijing, said the EU’s new leadership was “torn between its hopes and worries” about China but there were areas in which Brussels and Beijing could explore pragmatic cooperation.

“Both have been hurt by the US-China trade war. European and US companies are strong competitors in the Chinese market. European firms are looking to benefit from an ambitious investment treaty with China,” he said.

“Meanwhile the European Parliament, with its increasing influence amid rising populism, is pointing fingers at China on many issues, such as complaints about the coal-fuelled projects in the Belt and Road Initiative.”

In April, for the first time, Xi will host the annual gathering of the Cooperation between China and Central and Eastern European Countries, better known as the “17+1” – which Greece joined last year – when it meets in Beijing. Previously, the role was left to Chinese Premier Li Keqiang. Diplomatic sources said Xi’s involvement was a sign of the greater significance to Beijing of its links with Europe. At last year’s summit in Dubrovnic, Li said the platform – which comprises 12 EU member states and five Balkan nations, plus China – was an important supplement to Beijing’s relationship with the EU, while pledging to respect the EU’s rules and standards. The EU has been critical of the 17+1 group, saying it threatens to undermine European unity and accusing Beijing of using the belt and road plan to gain influence by building infrastructure projects in poorer EU states like Greece and Hungary.

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Risking friendships

China’s increasingly assertive response to overseas criticism on human rights and freedom of speech led to the cancellation of a trade visit to Stockholm in December, along with threats of “bad consequences” for Sweden from Chinese ambassador Gui Congyou, when a free speech literary prize was awarded to bookseller Gui Minhai, currently detained in China.

A diplomatic source said Beijing was also making operations difficult for Swedish companies in China, with tactics which have included a prolonged regulatory review and the blocking of communications between a Swedish-owned business in China and its headquarters by cutting VPN access.

It was “not a wise move” and by playing tough on European countries China was “risking losing friends”, the person said.

China also took exception to the European Parliament’s award of its 2019 Sakharov Human Rights Prize to Uygur economist and activist Ilham Tohti, who is serving a life sentence on charges of separatism.

The Chinese government adviser said the deep rift between China and the EU on human rights issues had existed for years, recalling the protests China encountered in 2008 in London and Paris that forced the Summer Olympics torch relay to be cut short.

“It’s unlikely that Beijing and Brussels can solve their human rights differences. Neither of us can change each other. But we should have a broad picture – shelve disputes and eye cooperation,” the adviser said.

“Do not be overly optimistic, nor too pessimistic on China-EU relations.”

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Chinese Vice Premier Stresses Efforts To Eliminate Poverty As Scheduled

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Villagers harvest lilies in Bijie, Southwest China’s Guizhou Province, on Wednesday. They are poverty-stricken households and can earn 100 yuan ($14.2) a day working at the Chinese herbal plantation base. The plantation has helped 61,698 villagers emerge from poverty in recent years, media reports said.

Vice Premier Hu Chunhua has called for greater efforts to ensure that all poverty-stricken rural residents and counties will be lifted out of poverty under the current standards.

Hu, also chief of the State Council leading group of poverty alleviation and development, made the remarks Saturday while addressing a symposium held in Nujiang, southwest China’s Yunnan Province.

While declaring the start of the work to secure a decisive victory in the battle against poverty, Hu stressed the importance of adopting targeted and effective measures in the poverty eradication to overcome difficulties so as to make sure the poverty relief goals are met on time, and poverty is eradicated at village and county levels.

He also emphasized the need to carry out and strengthen support for poverty-stricken areas with a long-term perspective, saying that efforts should also be made to support industrial development and stabilize employment in poverty-stricken areas.

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China’s Equities Market Is Likely To Be The Next ‘Big Bang’

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The fortunes with China’s ascendant equities market are difficult to fathom, but colossal returns are broadly anticipated by upbeat economists and enthusiastic individual and institutional investors.

Many predict China’s stock market benchmark index will rally 20-30 percent in 2020, supported by the country’s dynamic economy. If the tariffs war with the US is substantively decelerated this year, China is expected to return back to achieving an annual 6-6.5 percent growth.

Four factors set a strong base for the country’s capital market to stage a bullish run in the next 10 years: China’s technology ventures are springing up and gaining rising traction among global peers, the country’s middle class’ consumption power is going to be the largest in the world, the country has a strong and uninterrupted leadership that ensures policy continuity, and China has undertaken a series of capital market structural reforms since the second half of 2019 that drastically ease foreign investment into its fin Since the S&P 500 Index has soared over 400 percent over the past 30 years, half of that growth for the Shanghai Composite Stock Index in the upcoming 30 years will generate a mountain of gold for investors.

The returns of China’s equities market in the coming decade will be comparable to the spectacular 10-year rally of the US stock market which stood up from the ruins of the

2008-09 economic meltdown.
When China’s massive technology upstarts obtain an access to direct financing by issuing stocks or bonds, they are inspired to research and develop the world’s best innovations and generate the largest possible revenue and profit, as elevating equity prices are the best rewards for the entrepreneurs, and the investors as well.
And, after the Chinese middle class families see their household balance sheets double or even triple as the equities they bought roar and soar in prices, they are going to consume more with their growing prosperity, which in return will fire up China’s economic growth.

Pessimism about a hard landing of the world’s second largest economy is dissipating after China has weathered a ferocious and protracted trade war with the US and has come out of it largely unscathed. The economy is forecasted to grow 6.2 percent in 2019, and the decision-makers in Beijing have a full policy toolbox at their disposal in the beginning of 2020 to make sure the $14 trillion economy runs on a safe and relatively fast track in 2020 and beyond.

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Economic resilience gives the investors more confidence. In 2019, China’s Shanghai stock index rose 22.3 percent. And, China’s capital market has witnessed a remarkable rally in the past 20 days after China and the US agreed in December to a phase one trade agreement which will unleash a thawing of their icy trade ties.

Now, it seems that China’s market investors have largely shrugged off the negative impact and economic side effects caused by the trade war, and more investors are swarming in to the market to chase China’s technology and consumer stocks, which have been encouraged by a spate of bold capital market reform measures taken by Beijing in the second half of 2019.

The State Council stated that it is necessary to expand the high-level two-way opening-up of China’s financial industry, and moved to encourage overseas financial institutions and funds to enter the domestic capital market.

To enhance vitality and competitiveness of China’s financial sector, China’s central authorities meted out an array of financial opening-up measures, including stock connect schemes and scrapping quota for qualified foreign investors.

Many foreign investors attracted by China’s strong growth potential are snapping up yuan-denominated assets. They had purchased a record sum of 1.77 trillion yuan ($254 billion) in Chinese equities as of the end of September, according to data from China’s central bank.

China also revised the securities law by instituting a registration-based IPO system, which is aimed to cut red tape and corporate costs of getting listed. Previously, any issuance of an IPO needs to be approved by China Securities Regulatory Commission under the State Council.

Effective on March 1, the new law rules that companies seeking an IPO on Shanghai and Shenzhen exchanges will be vetted by the bourses rather than the regulator. The new legislation, which eases listing requirements, also includes much tougher penalties to deter stock market fraud, including deceitful listing and insider trading. And, inclusion of China’s A shares into global stock benchmarks by index publishers such as MSCI and FTSE Russell makes Chinese equities increasingly attractive to global investors.

China’s capital market will be the next “big bang” in the global economic landscape, and it will offer a lifetime of opportunity.

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Year Of The Rat

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The Rat () is the first of the 12-year cycle of animals which appear in the Chinese zodiac related to the Chinese calendar. The Year of the Rat is associated with the Earthly Branch symbol . Symbolizing Strong Vitality. One reason is that the Rat has a strong reproductive capacity with a high survival rate, and about 5,000 babies are born to one female rat each year. The other reason is the Rat’s fertility.

Chinese zodiac Rat’s personality is outgoing, cheerful, and sociable in character. They can get along well with different people, so there are a lot of friends around them. Chinese zodiac Rat’s personality is outgoing, cheerful, and sociable in character. They can get along well with different people, so there are a lot of friends around them. No matter what jobs they are occupied, they can harvest success on account of their quick response to outside changes.

Personality traits for the people born in the year of the Rat are intelligent, charming, quick-witted, practical, ambitious, and good at economizing as well as social activities. The weaknesses are that the Rats are likely to be timid, stubborn, wordy, greedy, devious, too eager for power and love to gossip.

In general, Rats’ best matches come from Ox, Dragon and Monkey according to Chinese zodiac compatibility rules. They can live an everlasting and happy marriage life together. Attracted by Rat’s passion and romance, Ox is always faithful to their marriage.

2020 is a year of new beginnings for the Chinese dog zodiac sign. The year of the rat forecasts suggest that your flexible and open mind will make your life much

easier. Good luck and prosperity will follow you in your job. Keep a lookout for opportunities and make the most out of it.

For the year 2020, the main zodiac element is metal, and the animal sign is Rat, and hence, 2020 will be the Year of the Metal Rat. The Chinese year will last from January 25, 2020 to February 11, 2021.

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Nieuwsbrief. no.9

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ECFA Newsletter
www.europeanchinafriendshipassociation.nl Nieuwsbrief nummer 9 23-01-2020
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Dear friends,

Preface

Kong Hey Fa Choi! Happy New Year! Year of the Rat this year, for the first time we organize a new year’s meeting in Brussels, Belgium on February the 5th at 17.30 hour. You will also meet many new friends: representatives from 21 EU countries have signed up for the event; Those who are interested can sign up on our website. Each one of you should bring his/her passport and take it with you. The admission fee is €100 and of course, a dinner is included within the price: food from the French kitchen. Those who want to join the party can stay in Brussels for a fee of €150, you will stay in a five-star hotel in HAINAN. Please send me a copy of your passport by mail if you want to join us in Brussels on February the 5th.

On the 27th of January, we will start the Chinese year with a party in the New Century hotel in the Netherlands at 17h00. After dinner, we will be heading to the Theatre Amstelveen at around 19.15, for an exciting Chinese Show. Members who paid the full membership may participate for FREE. They will be able to take part in the trip to CHINA at the end of February at a price from £ 1895 based on two persons ticket for the four-star spa hotel, breakfast every day and a lot of excursions! Our website allows you to sign up. At the moment we have two new members in our board: Hedda Sasburg, has been in love with China for years and Qi HU, a journalist. You will meet them both during our events. I hope that you all will meet up on the 27th of January.

Best regards,
Roy Ho Ten Soeng Chairman ECFA

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China And EU May Hold Summit In Beijing At End Of March

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China and the EU are expected to hold their annual summit at the end of March, two weeks before Beijing hosts a high-profile meeting with the leaders of Central and Eastern European countries, according to two sources. The proposed date for the EU-China Summit was March 30-31, when Chinese Premier Li Keqiang would meet the European Commission’s new leadership in Beijing, the two European sources with knowledge of the matter said.

President Xi Jinping would then host this year’s Cooperation between China and Central and Eastern European Countries meeting – known as the “17+1” for the 17 European nations that take part – in Beijing, they said. The proposed date for that summit was April 15.

Li has hosted the 17+1 summit for the past six years. Xi is expected to replace him as host of the summit, deliver a keynote speech and meet the visiting dignitaries. Observers have said the change of host was evidence of Beijing’s efforts to upgrade its engagement with Europe amid intensifying rivalry with the United States. But one of the sources said there had been “frustration” among European Union officials that China had placed priority on the 17+1 meeting over the EU-China Summit, which was not expected to be hosted by Xi. The source said that EU officials, concerned about the summit between Beijing and Brussels being overshadowed, had proposed that it be held ahead of the 17+1 meeting.

This year is expected to see a flurry of visits between China and the EU as the two sides try to reach a landmark bilateral investment treaty, known as the Comprehensive Agreement of Investment, by the end of the year – and ideally by September, when Xi will attend a summit with leaders of the 27-member bloc in Leipzig, Germany. Talks are under way on revised market access offers that were exchanged by the two sides last month – a key part of the treaty. Both sides were looking to strike an ambitious deal with an emphasis on a level playing field and reciprocity in investment, according to EU officials. China is turning its attention to the EU after it secured an interim trade deal with the US that is due to be signed in Washington on Wednesday.

EU officials have complained that China was too focused on the trade war with the US. The EU is also closely following the progress and details of the US-China deal, especially the potential impact on European companies from market access arrangements.

Observers have said that the so-called phase one deal failed to address systemic issues such as Beijing’s subsidies to and reform of state-owned enterprises. They will be among the thorny issues to be discussed in the next round of US-China trade talks, and are also concerns in negotiations forBeijing’s investment treaty with Brussels.

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A Fruitful 2019 To A Promising 2020

The author is Chinese ambassador to the UK

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The year 2019 was an extraordinary one for both China and the United Kingdom. Beijing celebrated the 70th anniversary of the founding of the People’s Republic of China and continued to make progress in the new era along the path of socialism with Chinese characteristics. And the UK achieved important breakthroughs in Brexit and worked to build a “global Britain”. The year also marked the 65th anniversary of China-UK diplomatic relations at the chargé d’affaires level. Our relationship grew steadily, which can be summarized in four C’s.

The first C stands for communication between China and the UK at a higher level.
Queen Elizabeth II and Prime Minister Boris Johnson sent messages congratulating China on the 70th anniversary of the founding of New China. Premier Li Keqiang sent a congratulatory message to Johnson after the general election returned him to 10 Downing Street. In April 2019, Philip Hammond, then UK chancellor of the exchequer, attended the Second Belt and Road Forum for International Cooperation as the special representative of the British prime minister. And Mark Sedwill, Cabinet secretary and national security adviser led a delegation of permanent under-secretaries from more than 10 departments of the UK government to visit China.

Hu Chun Hua, Chinese vice-premier, visited the UK and hosted the 10th China-UK Economic and Financial Dialogue, where 69 outcomes were reached. And Chen Zhu, vice-chairman of the Standing Committee of the National People’s Congress, and Gao Yunlong, vice-chairman of the National Committee of the Chinese People’s Political Consultative Conference, visited the UK separately.

The second C stands for cooperation, which saw sustained expansion in the past year.
In the first 10 months of 2019, China-UK trade in goods reached $71.14 billion, increasing by about 8 percent year-on-year. Britain resumed beef exports to China. Thirty British companies attended the second China International Import Expo. The 15th World Chinese Entrepreneurs Conference, which was held in London for the first time, served as a new platform for cooperation. And the Shanghai-London Stock Connect was launched in June, the first-ever link between the Chinese capital market and a foreign market.
London saw the opening of new branches by Shanghai Pudong Development Bank, Agricultural Bank of China and China CITIC Bank. The British capital is also the world’s second-largest offshore clearing center and the largest offshore trading center for the Chinese currency, with China Construction Bank, the yuan clearing bank in London, achieving a total clearing volume of more than 40 trillion yuan ($7.4 trillion). Also, China and the UK signed an agreement on cooperation in third markets, which opened a new channel for China-UK cooperation on the Belt and Road Initiative.

The third C stands for closer cultural and people-to-people exchanges between China and the UK.
There has been steady progress in the implementation of the China-UK Joint Strategy for Science, Technology and Innovation Cooperation. Close to 200,000 Chinese students are studying in Britain. Across the UK, 30 Confucius Institutes and 161 Confucius classrooms have enrolled more than 190,000 students, and more than 1.7 million people have attended the various cultural events at the Confucius Institutes, and over 600 British schools are offering Chinese language courses.

A British government program known as “Generation UK” has enabled more than 10,000 British students to visit China for studies. Shanghai Symphony Orchestra and China National Peking Opera Company gave successful performances in the UK. And China-related events such as Festival of Spring, Happy Spring Festival and “China Lates” at the Science Museum were extremely popular.

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Exchanges and cooperation at the subnational level have also seen much expansion, evidenced by the increasing number of trade, cultural and tourism road shows in Britain by Chinese provinces and cities including Guizhou, Liaoning and Hunan provinces, and the city of Shenzhen. Every week, 168 flights operate between the two countries, facilitating exchanges of close to 2 million person-times a year. And China has become an important source of overseas tourists visiting the UK.

The fourth C stands for coordination on global issues.
China and the UK have stepped up coordination and communication under the framework of international organizations such as the United Nations, the G20 and the World Trade Organization. We have reached a consensus on opposing protectionism and unilateralism, and on supporting free trade and multilateralism, and joined hands to address global challenges such as climate change and bio-diversity depletion.

The year 2020 has special significance for China, for the UK and for China-UK relations. In 2020, China will complete the building of a moderately prosperous society in all aspects, which is our first centenary goal. It will then focus on realizing the second centenary goal of building a strong, modern socialist country in all aspects. The UK will have left the European Union and embarked on a new journey of building a “global Britain”.

The year 2020 also marks the fifth anniversary of the China-UK “Golden Era”. The China-UK relationship is standing at a new starting point and faces new opportunities for development. In 2020, I have three hopes for China-UK relations.

First, I hope China-UK relations will advance with steadier steps.

China and the UK should enhance strategic communication, deepen political mutual trust, see each other as partners rather than rivals, and view each other’s development as opportunities rather than threats. I hope our two countries will respect and accommodate each other’s core interests and major concerns, refrain from interfering in each other’s internal affairs and handle differences appropriately, so as to keep our relationship on the right track.

Second, I hope China-UK relations will deliver more tangible outcomes.

Both deeper reform and further opening-up in China, and Brexit in the UK will create huge opportunities, which our two countries should seize with both hands. We should foster a fair, transparent and non-discriminatory business environment for the companies of our two countries, which will in turn encourage deeper business cooperation across the board. In particular, we could expand cooperation on the Belt and Road Initiative, in order to make the pie of our common interests bigger and deliver more tangible benefits to the peoples of our two countries.

And third, I hope China-UK relations will take one step further.

Our two countries should follow the trend of our times by holding high the banners of multilateralism and free trade, and by championing cultural diversity and encouraging exchanges and mutual learning between different civilizations. As key global players, China and the UK should take up historical responsibilities, work together to build a community with a shared future for mankind, and make new contributions to world peace and development. Scottish author and government reformer Samuel Smiles said: “Hope is like the sun, which, as we journey toward it, casts the shadow of our burden behind us.

“The world is undergoing profound changes unseen in a century. Steady and sound development of the China-UK relationship will serve the common interests of both countries and will be conducive to world prosperity and progress.’’

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Can China And The EU Put Aside Their Differences And Find Common Ground?

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There was no shortage of geopolitical events in 2019. While sprawling US-China tensions occupied most of the year’s headlines, the EU also adjusted its strategic stance on China, in a move which is expected to shape the narrative of relationships across the Asian and European continents in 2020.

For the first time, on March 12, the EU labelled Beijing as “an economic competitor in pursuit of technological leadership and a systemic rival promoting alternative models of governance” in a document which mapped out a 10-point action plan to establish a more balanced relationship with China.

The harsh tone was a surprise to Beijing, which took a while to figure out a precise translation of “systemic rival” which properly reflected the shift in relations, according to a Chinese government adviser. Since then, China has strengthened its engagement with the EU, offering olive branches to Brussels and messages that cooperation outweighed conflict, delivered personally by Chinese President Ji Xinping on visits to Italy, Monaco and France in March, and reinforced at the annual China- EU summit in April.

In November, Beijing and Brussels signed a landmark deal to step up intellectual property protection for 100 branded products from both sides and China also appointed its first special envoy for European affairs – veteran diplomat Wu Hongbo – despite already having an ambassador to the European Union.

Observers have predicted that 2020 will be the Year of Europe for China, with an intensive agenda of visits between Brussels and Beijing planned and a playing up of the prospects for bilateral cooperation in the months ahead. However, diplomatic sources have warned that EU wariness and a lack of trust may cast a cloud over any substantial progress.

Investment treaty talks

The two sides are aiming to conclude an ambitious investment deal by September, when Xi is expected to attend a summit in Leipzig, Germany, with the leaders of the EU member states. Key to an agreement will be whether China can sufficiently reduce market barriers for EU firms.

The last round of talks, in Brussels in December, saw an exchange of revised offers of market access. China’s commerce ministry said the talks “achieved positive progress” while the EU was more cautious in its assessment.

In a statement sent via its embassy in Beijing, a spokesman for the EU described the timeline for negotiations as “ambitious” and said China needed to start showing the necessary level of ambition “now”.

The statement – which listed the EU’s key interests as financial services, information, communication technologies, telecommunications, manufacturing, health, biotechnology and maritime transport – called on China to deliver discipline for its state-owned enterprises and increased transparency for their subsidiaries to offer fairness and reciprocity to European firms.

“For the EU, substance will, of course, always prevail over speed,” it said.

US-China trade war

For most of 2019, China’s engagement with the EU was overshadowed by the trade war with the US. European diplomatic sources said Beijing had sidestepped the EU for most of the year because of its trade talks with Washington, only really turning

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its attention back towards Brussels in November. But they said the EU would not sit idly by while European companies were squeezed out of the market if the so-called phase one of the US-China deal – expected to be signed on January 15, according to US President Donald Trump – included favourable treatment for Washington in violation of World Trade Organisation rules.

Another adviser to the Chinese government said Beijing was treading carefully as it tried to make sure the text of the deal with Washington was in line with global trading rules to avoid damaging ties with its other key trading partners, including the EU.

Phil Hogan, the European commissioner for trade, said at a press interview in December that the US-China trade talks would not affect the investment dialogue between Beijing and Brussels. The EU had independent policies and would not choose a side, he said.

“We are not going to be treated as second-class citizens,” Hogan said. “The European Union is the most open internal trading bloc in the world, and we want everybody else to be the same.

“It’s up to the Chinese government to put forward their best market access proposals and to engage in a spirit of reciprocity with the European Union,” he said.

Building trust

Renewed pressure from the EU on China’s human rights record in 2019 intensified with the newly installed executive wasting no time in raising Beijing’s policies in Xinjiang and Hong Kong, In his first meeting with Chinese Foreign Minister Wang Yi in Madrid in December, the EU’s new foreign policy chief Josep Borrell said he had brought up Beijing’s response to the ongoing anti- government protests in Hong Kong, as well as the internment camps in Xinjiang where an estimated 1 million Uygurs are detained. China has been firm that it sees any overseas commentary on both these issues as an interference in its domestic affairs.

Nevertheless, European diplomats in Beijing have pointed to several areas in which the two sides could expand their cooperation, despite the rift on human rights issues. These include immigration and economic recovery in the Middle East, economic development in Africa, as well as the fight against climate change and the world’s shrinking biodiversity.

Wang Yiwei, head of EU studies with Renmin University in Beijing, said the EU’s new leadership was “torn between its hopes and worries” about China but there were areas in which Brussels and Beijing could explore pragmatic cooperation.

“Both have been hurt by the US-China trade war. European and US companies are strong competitors in the Chinese market. European firms are looking to benefit from an ambitious investment treaty with China,” he said.

“Meanwhile the European Parliament, with its increasing influence amid rising populism, is pointing fingers at China on many issues, such as complaints about the coal-fuelled projects in the Belt and Road Initiative.”

In April, for the first time, Xi will host the annual gathering of the Cooperation between China and Central and Eastern European Countries, better known as the “17+1” – which Greece joined last year – when it meets in Beijing. Previously, the role was left to Chinese Premier Li Keqiang. Diplomatic sources said Xi’s involvement was a sign of the greater significance to Beijing of its links with Europe. At last year’s summit in Dubrovnic, Li said the platform – which comprises 12 EU member states and five Balkan nations, plus China – was an important supplement to Beijing’s relationship with the EU, while pledging to respect the EU’s rules and standards. The EU has been critical of the 17+1 group, saying it threatens to undermine European unity and accusing Beijing of using the belt and road plan to gain influence by building infrastructure projects in poorer EU states like Greece and Hungary.

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Risking friendships

China’s increasingly assertive response to overseas criticism on human rights and freedom of speech led to the cancellation of a trade visit to Stockholm in December, along with threats of “bad consequences” for Sweden from Chinese ambassador Gui Congyou, when a free speech literary prize was awarded to bookseller Gui Minhai, currently detained in China.

A diplomatic source said Beijing was also making operations difficult for Swedish companies in China, with tactics which have included a prolonged regulatory review and the blocking of communications between a Swedish-owned business in China and its headquarters by cutting VPN access.

It was “not a wise move” and by playing tough on European countries China was “risking losing friends”, the person said.

China also took exception to the European Parliament’s award of its 2019 Sakharov Human Rights Prize to Uygur economist and activist Ilham Tohti, who is serving a life sentence on charges of separatism.

The Chinese government adviser said the deep rift between China and the EU on human rights issues had existed for years, recalling the protests China encountered in 2008 in London and Paris that forced the Summer Olympics torch relay to be cut short.

“It’s unlikely that Beijing and Brussels can solve their human rights differences. Neither of us can change each other. But we should have a broad picture – shelve disputes and eye cooperation,” the adviser said.

“Do not be overly optimistic, nor too pessimistic on China-EU relations.”

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Chinese Vice Premier Stresses Efforts To Eliminate Poverty As Scheduled

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Villagers harvest lilies in Bijie, Southwest China’s Guizhou Province, on Wednesday. They are poverty-stricken households and can earn 100 yuan ($14.2) a day working at the Chinese herbal plantation base. The plantation has helped 61,698 villagers emerge from poverty in recent years, media reports said.

Vice Premier Hu Chunhua has called for greater efforts to ensure that all poverty-stricken rural residents and counties will be lifted out of poverty under the current standards.

Hu, also chief of the State Council leading group of poverty alleviation and development, made the remarks Saturday while addressing a symposium held in Nujiang, southwest China’s Yunnan Province.

While declaring the start of the work to secure a decisive victory in the battle against poverty, Hu stressed the importance of adopting targeted and effective measures in the poverty eradication to overcome difficulties so as to make sure the poverty relief goals are met on time, and poverty is eradicated at village and county levels.

He also emphasized the need to carry out and strengthen support for poverty-stricken areas with a long-term perspective, saying that efforts should also be made to support industrial development and stabilize employment in poverty-stricken areas.

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China’s Equities Market Is Likely To Be The Next ‘Big Bang’

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The fortunes with China’s ascendant equities market are difficult to fathom, but colossal returns are broadly anticipated by upbeat economists and enthusiastic individual and institutional investors.

Many predict China’s stock market benchmark index will rally 20-30 percent in 2020, supported by the country’s dynamic economy. If the tariffs war with the US is substantively decelerated this year, China is expected to return back to achieving an annual 6-6.5 percent growth.

Four factors set a strong base for the country’s capital market to stage a bullish run in the next 10 years: China’s technology ventures are springing up and gaining rising traction among global peers, the country’s middle class’ consumption power is going to be the largest in the world, the country has a strong and uninterrupted leadership that ensures policy continuity, and China has undertaken a series of capital market structural reforms since the second half of 2019 that drastically ease foreign investment into its fin Since the S&P 500 Index has soared over 400 percent over the past 30 years, half of that growth for the Shanghai Composite Stock Index in the upcoming 30 years will generate a mountain of gold for investors.

The returns of China’s equities market in the coming decade will be comparable to the spectacular 10-year rally of the US stock market which stood up from the ruins of the

2008-09 economic meltdown.
When China’s massive technology upstarts obtain an access to direct financing by issuing stocks or bonds, they are inspired to research and develop the world’s best innovations and generate the largest possible revenue and profit, as elevating equity prices are the best rewards for the entrepreneurs, and the investors as well.
And, after the Chinese middle class families see their household balance sheets double or even triple as the equities they bought roar and soar in prices, they are going to consume more with their growing prosperity, which in return will fire up China’s economic growth.

Pessimism about a hard landing of the world’s second largest economy is dissipating after China has weathered a ferocious and protracted trade war with the US and has come out of it largely unscathed. The economy is forecasted to grow 6.2 percent in 2019, and the decision-makers in Beijing have a full policy toolbox at their disposal in the beginning of 2020 to make sure the $14 trillion economy runs on a safe and relatively fast track in 2020 and beyond.

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Economic resilience gives the investors more confidence. In 2019, China’s Shanghai stock index rose 22.3 percent. And, China’s capital market has witnessed a remarkable rally in the past 20 days after China and the US agreed in December to a phase one trade agreement which will unleash a thawing of their icy trade ties.

Now, it seems that China’s market investors have largely shrugged off the negative impact and economic side effects caused by the trade war, and more investors are swarming in to the market to chase China’s technology and consumer stocks, which have been encouraged by a spate of bold capital market reform measures taken by Beijing in the second half of 2019.

The State Council stated that it is necessary to expand the high-level two-way opening-up of China’s financial industry, and moved to encourage overseas financial institutions and funds to enter the domestic capital market.

To enhance vitality and competitiveness of China’s financial sector, China’s central authorities meted out an array of financial opening-up measures, including stock connect schemes and scrapping quota for qualified foreign investors.

Many foreign investors attracted by China’s strong growth potential are snapping up yuan-denominated assets. They had purchased a record sum of 1.77 trillion yuan ($254 billion) in Chinese equities as of the end of September, according to data from China’s central bank.

China also revised the securities law by instituting a registration-based IPO system, which is aimed to cut red tape and corporate costs of getting listed. Previously, any issuance of an IPO needs to be approved by China Securities Regulatory Commission under the State Council.

Effective on March 1, the new law rules that companies seeking an IPO on Shanghai and Shenzhen exchanges will be vetted by the bourses rather than the regulator. The new legislation, which eases listing requirements, also includes much tougher penalties to deter stock market fraud, including deceitful listing and insider trading. And, inclusion of China’s A shares into global stock benchmarks by index publishers such as MSCI and FTSE Russell makes Chinese equities increasingly attractive to global investors.

China’s capital market will be the next “big bang” in the global economic landscape, and it will offer a lifetime of opportunity.

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Year Of The Rat

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The Rat () is the first of the 12-year cycle of animals which appear in the Chinese zodiac related to the Chinese calendar. The Year of the Rat is associated with the Earthly Branch symbol . Symbolizing Strong Vitality. One reason is that the Rat has a strong reproductive capacity with a high survival rate, and about 5,000 babies are born to one female rat each year. The other reason is the Rat’s fertility.

Chinese zodiac Rat’s personality is outgoing, cheerful, and sociable in character. They can get along well with different people, so there are a lot of friends around them. Chinese zodiac Rat’s personality is outgoing, cheerful, and sociable in character. They can get along well with different people, so there are a lot of friends around them. No matter what jobs they are occupied, they can harvest success on account of their quick response to outside changes.

Personality traits for the people born in the year of the Rat are intelligent, charming, quick-witted, practical, ambitious, and good at economizing as well as social activities. The weaknesses are that the Rats are likely to be timid, stubborn, wordy, greedy, devious, too eager for power and love to gossip.

In general, Rats’ best matches come from Ox, Dragon and Monkey according to Chinese zodiac compatibility rules. They can live an everlasting and happy marriage life together. Attracted by Rat’s passion and romance, Ox is always faithful to their marriage.

2020 is a year of new beginnings for the Chinese dog zodiac sign. The year of the rat forecasts suggest that your flexible and open mind will make your life much

easier. Good luck and prosperity will follow you in your job. Keep a lookout for opportunities and make the most out of it.

For the year 2020, the main zodiac element is metal, and the animal sign is Rat, and hence, 2020 will be the Year of the Metal Rat. The Chinese year will last from January 25, 2020 to February 11, 2021.

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Chinese horoscoop 2020, het jaar van de Rat

Deze Chinese horoscoop geeft je een beeld van wat je van 2020 kunt verwachten. Voor sommigen brengt dit jaar liefde en geluk, voor de anderen eerder tegenslag en moeite.

Vergeet in geen geval dat elk nieuw jaar ook lessen brengt, en dat de manier waarop je in het leven staat en naar het leven kijkt doorslaggevend is in hoe jij het leven ervaart!

Opgelet! Het Chinese nieuwjaar komt niet overeen met het onze – deze horoscoop geldt dus eigenlijk pas vanaf 11 februari 2020, wanneer het jaar van de Rat werkelijk ingaat.

2020 wordt het jaar van de Rat

Kinderen geboren tussen 25 januari 2020 en 11 februari 2021, worden geboren onder het teken van de Rat! Dit betekent dat de dierencyclus zich voor een laatste keer herhaalt alvorens weer helemaal opnieuw te starten – de Rat is namelijk het eerste dier in de dierencyclus, en metaal het laatste element in de elementencyclus.

1. De Rat

1912, 1924, 1936, 1948, 1960, 1972, 1984, 1996, 2008, 2020

Hey Rat! Dit is jouw Ben Ming Nian, jouw Zodiac jaar. Helaas betekent dat niet dat dit een gemakkelijk jaar voor je wordt. Dit jaar haal je jezelf, volgens de Chinese mythologie, een vloek van Tai Su, de ‘Leeftijdsgod’, op de hals. 2020 zou je volgens de traditie enkel ongeluk brengen. Je hoeft dat niet zo donker in te zien – je kunt het ongeluk ook zien als potentiële lessen! Gelukkig komt deze waarschuwing met enkele maatregelen waarmee je jezelf kunt beschermen tegen het naderend ongeluk.

  • Draag de kleur rood. Volgens een oud Chinees geloof zou de kleur rood kwade geesten ongeluk afweren, en geluk aantrekken.
  • Houd een jadesteen of een met jaden versierd juweel bij je.
  • Draai je weg van Tai Su door je naar het Noorden te keren. Je kunt bijvoorbeeld mediteren in deze richting, maar sommigen gaan zo ver dat ze hun bedden en bureaus ook naar het Noorden oriënteren. Deze richting is trouwens voor elk dierenteken anders, want Tai Su verplaatst zich elk jaar.
  • Algemene vooruitzichten voor het jaar van de Rat
  • 25 januari 2020 t/m 11 februari 2021
  •  Bekijk je persoonlijke horoscoop voor het jaar van de Rat
  • Het jaar van de Rat kenmerkt zich door vernieuwing.
  • Algemeen
    Volgens de legende was de Rat de eerste die verscheen toen Boeddha alle dieren bij zich riep. De Rat is altijd enthousiast en nieuwsgierig en enorm opportunistisch. Het jaar van de Rat is niet alleen het eerste jaar van een nieuwe cyclus, het is ook de start van vernieuwing en vooruitgang. Ratjaren zijn pioniersjaren, op allerlei vlak kunnen we vernieuwing verwachten die allerlei aspecten van ons leven zullen beïnvloeden.
  • Het jaar van de Rat heeft ook vaak een grote invloed op onze wijze van communiceren. In 2008, het vorige Ratjaar, werd er hard gewerkt aan WhatsApp wat in 2009 werd uitgebracht voor iedereen met een iPhone. En moet je nu kijken..
  • Ik vermoed dat 2020 -of we dat willen of niet- het jaar van het uitrollen van het 5G netwerk zal worden. Ook dat zal gigantische wijzigingen in ons leven teweeg brengen. Denk bijvoorbeeld aan auto’s die -door de lage reactiesnelheid van 5G- communiceren met stoplichten en ook zelf de route aanpassen als er ergens oponthoud is.
  • Het jaar 2020 is een drempel tussen oud en nieuw. Bepaalde niet al te frisse zaken zullen aan het licht komen en in elkaar storten als kaartenhuisjes. Aandelen kunnen torenhoog stijgen, maar met hetzelfde gemak kun je je geld zomaar verliezen. Doe geen ondoordachte investeringen.
  • Er ligt dit jaar ook veel aandacht bij onze gezondheidszorg, er zal meer aandacht komen voor preventie en het stimuleren van een gezonde levenswijze. Internationaal onderzoek kan voor belangrijke doorbraken op dit vlak zorgen.
  • Ook het milieu en de opwarming van de aarde blijven flink in de picture. In de loop van het jaar kunnen politici en milieudeskundigen tot ingrijpende maatregelen komen.
  • Persoonlijk
    Vriendschap, liefde en samenzijn zullen een belangrijke rol spelen in ons privéleven en over het algemeen zal het jaar van de Rat positief en vrolijk zijn. Ook moedigt dit jaar mensen aan om hun dromen te verwezenlijken. Belangrijk is het wel om verstandige beslissingen te nemen en niet ondoordacht ergens in te springen.
  • Het jaar van de Rat loopt van 25 januari 2020 t/m 11 februari 2021. Wil je weten wat dit jaar voor jou in petto heeft, dan vind je hieronder vast een voorproefje.
  • Als je meer wilt weten, selecteer dan je Chinese teken en klik daarna op “OK” onderaan de pagina. Betalen doe je met je telefoon à €1,30.
  • Tip: Vergeet niet je horoscoop te bewaren, je kunt dan later alles nog eens rustig nalezen. Klik onderaan de duiding op het ikoontje van de printer om -afhankelijk van de instellingen van je browser- op te slaan of uit te printen.
  • Weet je niet welk Chinees dierenriemteken bij jouw geboortedatum hoort? Dan kun je dat op deze site ook gratis laten berekenen, kijk op de home pagina.
  • Voor Ratten biedt het jaar van de Rat bijzonder goede perspectieven. Of deze perspectieven ook werkelijkheid worden, hangt echter in grote mate af van…

       De Rat in het kort:

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Slim
Charismatisch
Geliefd
Aardig
Gevat
Slinks
Zelfzuchtig
Beschermend
Berekenend                 

Sterrenbeeld Rat karakter

Je hoeft je echt niet te schamen om de Rat als je teken te hebben. In China wordt de Rat gerespecteerd en gezien als een moedig en ondernemend persoon. Het wordt als een eer gezien om in het jaar van de Rat geboren te worden en het is een voorrecht om geassocieerd te worden met een Rat. Rat weten precies waar ze oplossingen moeten vinden en kunnen zowel voor zichzelf als anderen zorgen zonder problemen. Ze gebruiken hun instinctieve observatievermogen om anderen te helpen in tijden van moeilijkheden en ze kunnen in vrijwel alle omstandigheden overleven.

Ratten zijn heel levendig en hebben veel mentale en fysieke prikkels nodig. Ze kunnen kalm en opmerkzaam zijn, maar soms ontstaat er in hun hoofd een bepaalde geestelijke rusteloosheid, waardoor ze teveel hooi op hun schouders kunnen nemen, om er vervolgens pas te laat achter te komen dat ze hun verplichtingen niet kunnen nakomen. Ratten zijn ontzettend intelligent. Daarnaast hebben ze ook een zekere nieuwsgierigheid en levendige verbeelding, en ze zijn erg scherp en gevat.

Het teken van de Rat is het eerste teken in de cyclus, waardoor Ratten zekere leiderschapskwaliteiten uitstralen en erg goed de leiding op zich kunnen nemen. Ze vinden het niet erg om veel verantwoordelijkheid te hebben en ze hebben een sterke aanwezigheid die andere mensen respecteren. Voor een Rat zijn status en geld sterke motivators en geven veel bevrediging.

Rat & Elementen

Metaal Rat: 1900 & 1960

Van alle Ratten, is deze het taaist en meest vastberaden. Ze zijn visionair en hebben een zekere emotionele intensiteit die kan leiden tot woede, jaloezie en bezitterigheid. Ze hebben graag de leiding, en kunnen zelfzuchtig zijn om te krijgen wat ze willen. Zowel in zakelijke als persoonlijke relaties, kunnen ze koppig zijn. Metaal Ratten moeten er rekening mee houden dat het hun relaties enorm kan helpen om hun partner tegemoet te komen. Ze zijn erg trots op hun thuis en vinden het heerlijk om de boel in te richten met hun indrukwekkend goede smaak.

Water Rat: 1912 & 1972

Het element Water zegent deze Ratten met een vermogen om mensen te beïnvloeden. Met hun sterke intellect en inzicht, zijn het ook goede probleemoplossers en puzzelaars. Ze hebben snel door hoe anderen zijn en het zijn ontzettend praktische mensen. Ratten brengen hun talenten graag in de dagelijkse praktijk, waardoor ze bereidwillig, gul en mededogend zijn naar andere mensen toe. Over het algemeen mogen mensen graag en worden ze alom gerespecteerd. Maar net als andere Ratten, dienen ze vaak hun eigen belang, en deinzen ze er niet voor terug om hun talenten in te zetten om dit te bereiken, al zullen ze niet zo snel het respect van anderen hierdoor verliezen.

Hout Rat: 1924 & 1984

Ondanks hun façade van zelfvertrouwen, is de Hout Rat het minst zeker van zichzelf vergeleken met andere Ratten. Maar ze zullen deze kant van zichzelf nooit aan iemand laten zien. Alleen de hechte dierbare van een Hout Rat zullen doorhebben dat hij zo aan zichzelf twijfelt. Hout Ratten maken zich vaak zorgen om slechtere tijden, ondanks hun vermogen om succes te boeken in het leven. Mensen mogen hen graag, ze zijn bekwaam en goede leiders op het werk, waardoor Hout Ratten het beste lijkt te functioneren wanneer ze zijn omringd door vrienden en familie. Ze zijn hartelijk en kwetsbaar, en meestal ontzettend geliefd door familieleden, vrienden en kennissen.

Vuur Rat: 1936 & 1966

Vuur geeft de sowieso al levendige Rat nog meer spontaniteit en energie. Deze Ratten houden van verandering en verre reizen, en ze zijn altijd enthousiast om nieuwe projecten of reizen naar verre oorden te ondernemen. Vuur Ratten veranderen meestal vaker dan andere Ratten van beroep of woonplaats, en ze houden niet zo van routine. Ze kunnen wel angstig en impulsief zijn, maar hun lust voor het leven is onweerstaanbaar, en ze hebben het natuurlijke vermogen van de Rat om makkelijk in de omgang en geliefd door anderen te zijn. Vergeleken met andere Ratten, zijn Vuur Ratten vrijgeviger, zelfredzamer en energetischer, en hebben ze helaas minder zelfbeheersing.

Aarde Rat: 1948 & 2008

Het element Aarde voegt meer soliditeit toe aan de persoonlijkheid van de Rat. Een Aarde Rat is conventioneel en iemand die veel succes bereikt in het leven. Hij zal al snel in zijn leven een solide basis verzekeren voor zowel zichzelf als zijn gezin. Deze Ratten zijn net zo ingenieus en intelligent als andere Ratten, maar ze hebben een beter besef van de werkelijkheid, waardoor ze niet zomaar spontaan achter alles aanrennen. Aarde Ratten zijn eervol en leiden graag een stabiel leven. Het geeft ze een gevoel van innerlijke zekerheid om langzaam maar zeker veel materiële bezittingen te vergaren. Hoewel ze ook een tikkeltje gierig kunnen zijn, zijn ze gul in hun gevoelens voor vrienden en familie.

Chinese horoscoop Rat & liefde

Ratten zijn mooie mensen met aantrekkelijke persoonlijkheden. Een Rat trekt van nature de bewondering van anderen aan. Er zijn volgens de Chinese astrologie maar weinig arme Ratten, en ook op seksueel gebied komen ze niets tekort, zeker niet wanneer ze nog jong zijn. Ratten zijn romantisch ingesteld en zijn altijd gelukkiger wanneer ze alles met iemand kunnen delen.

De beste eigenschap van een Rat is zijn charme. Ratten kunnen je hart doen smelten met een glimlach. Daarbij kunnen ze goed flirten, dus ze kunnen zonder al teveel moeite de harten van anderen veroveren. Ratten gaan ook graag uit, dus ze krijgen volop kansen om potentiële partners te ontmoeten. Een mindere eigenschap van de Rat is dat hij het moeilijk vindt om de band met vorige minnaars los te laten. Dit kan natuurlijk problemen opleveren bij nieuwe relaties. Maar wanneer een Rat eindelijk de ware vindt, zal hij oprecht tevreden zijn met de intimiteit van het partnerschap.

Chinese horoscoop match voor de Rat

Volgens de Chinese astrologie passen de sterrenbeelden als volgt bij elkaar:

Rat & Rat
Dit kan een geweldige relatie worden, maar er is wel een onderliggende concurrentiestrijd.

Rat & Os
Ondanks de sterke seksuele chemie, heeft dit weinig kans op een langdurige relatie of huwelijk.

Rat & Tijger
Dit kan een goed samen gaan, maar jullie zullen wel de nodige ruzies ondergaan.

Rat & Konijn
De Rat vindt het Konijn maar saai. Dit leidt tot frustraties.

Rat & Draak
Een zorgzame en stabiele relatie. Jullie waarderen elkaar en kunnen goed met elkaar opschieten.

Rat & Slang
Werk aan jullie verschillen, en misschien leren jullie nog eens wat van elkaar.

Rat & Paard
Nee, begin er maar niet eens aan.

Rat & Geit
Als jullie heel erg jullie best doen, kunnen jullie hier wel wat van maken.

Rat & Aap
Jullie hebben hetzelfde doel in het leven en zijn een goede match.

Rat & Haan
Te veel conflicten. Dit is niet de moeite waard.

Agenda 2020


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Evenementen

Op deze pagina vind je een overzicht van China gerelateerde evenementen in Nederland en van Nederland gerelateerde evenementen in China.

Uitgelichte Evenementen

 Agenda  NOV5diMeet the Millennials @ Theater aan het Spui Tickets nov 5 @ 20:15 – 21:45 

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News Letter, ” ECFA.”

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ECFA Newsletter
www.europeanchinafriendshipassociation.nl Nieuwsbrief nummer 8 15-10-2019
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Preface

It’s China’s birthday party. That is why ECFA is celebrating this party in China with our members. China has been in existenc e for 70 years and has rapidly developed from a poor agricultural state into a modern world power that will also become the world leader within a few years. In the 19th century England was the world ruler , in the 20th century the United States of America (USA) andinthe21stcenturyitbecameChina.Belowisaphotoofsomegroupmembers whocheckedinattheairportonSeptember the 28th for the trip to China. You will also find a link with which you can view the entire military parade that was held on that day.Acountrythatcandevelopsoquicklyalsobetrays thegoodmentalityofitsinhabitants:hardworkforpeopleandhomeland. Many countries can learn a lot from this development.

With this link you can enjoy the military parade DURING OCTOBER the 1st. https://youtu.be/R-Ts252oBG4 ENJOY!

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Our Chairman

Roy Ho Ten Soeng

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Roy Ho Ten Soeng in Brussel

Our chairman has spent the last five years in many areas giving the ECFA a prominent place. He is now transferring the baton to Frank Man, the new Chairman. According to the Rules of Procedure, he then becomes honorary president of the ECFA. From the 1stofOctoberhewillalsobeworkingeighthoursaweek attheEUasasupporteroftheMEP ToineManders.Hereheisalready in the EU meeting room where all 751 members from all countries meet. Until a good secretary is found, he will help Frank Man to build the ECFA secretariat. Mr. Frank Man will appoint his own new members .

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China ‘won’t give an inch’

after Donald Trump threatens more tariffs for failing to make sufficient concessions to US

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ChinasaidonthelastweekofSeptember thatitwouldnot “give an inch” by offering trade concessions to the United States and promised to retaliate if Donald Trump went ahead with his threat to impose more tariffs. Both the foreign and commerce ministries said the US would have to “bear all the consequences”and demanded more sincerity from Washington if negotiations were to continue following the president’s latest announcement, which caught many in Beijing off guard.

Trump announced on Thursday in a series of tweets that he would impose “a small, additional” levy of 10 per cent on US$300 billion worth of Chinese imports starting on September 1st because the latest round of talks had not yielded sufficient concessions from Beijing. He also complained that China had so far failed to act on a pledge to stop sales of Fentanyl, a drug blamed for thousands of deaths, to the US.

Chinese foreign ministry spokesman Hua Chunying said Trump’s announcement had violated the agreement reached between the two nations following a summit between Trump and his Chinese counterpart Xi Jinping in late June, when the US promised not to impose further tariffs.

A statement released by the Ministry of Commerce said Chinawouldinevitablyimposecountermeasurestoprotect its core interests. ‘’The US has to bear all the consequences,’’ the statement said. “China believes there will be no winners of this trade war and does not want to fight. But we are not afraid to fight and will fight if necessary”.

Trump’s announcement followed Wednesday’s conclusion of the first face-to-face talks between the two sides since May.After the meeting, Chinasaiditwouldpurchasemore US agricultural products – based on its own domestic needs – while the US said it wanted further negotiations to worktowards “an enforceable trade deal”.

China also said it would have more intensive discussions with the US, and another face-to-face meeting was scheduled in September. Officials did not give details on the possible countermeasures China would take, but observers said China would be less willing to buy US agricultural products, and could restrict exports of rare earths – a key material used in the manufacturing of hi -tech products such as smartphones .

Itmayalsospeeduptheproductionofitslistof“unreliable entities” – companies deemed to pose a threat to China’sinterests–ameasurethatcouldtargetUSfirmsandhamper their operations in China.

Shi Yinhong, a professor of international relations at Renmin University, said Trump’s “brutal” announcement meant the Shanghai talks had failed. The move will also “leave little room” for China to meet Trump’s requests and overshadow future rounds of talks, he added. The latest developments also reduce the likelihood of China revisiting pledges it had made earlier this before talks collapsed in May, when the US accused China of trying to revise the agreement. A research note by ING said that the unreliable entity list may prevent some US companies from doing businesses with Chinese companies and that Beijing might restrictrareearth exports to slowdown US production.

Everbright Sun Hung Kai said in another research note that China had already sought to diversify the sourcing of its imports, such as buying more wheat and soybeans from Russia.

“The stance held by the US president is unlikely to be well – received, given that China has repeatedly spoken against what it sees as action in poor faith,” it said.“Though there is wiggle room for China to prevent these tariffs by meeting Trump’s demands before the implementation date, there appears to be littleopportunity to stave off the new call for further tariffs”. Lu Xiang, a fellow on US issues with the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences, said it was Trump’s styleto playtoughandraisethestakes.

He expected China to be ready to unveil countermeasures, mainly in non-tariff areas, but also said the trade talks were also likely to continue. ‘’On the US agricultural products, there is no turning back for Trump. His fierce reaction showed he is anxious to find a solution to sell American farm goods to China. But China won’t do it unconditionally,”saidLu.

John Gong, a professor at the University of International Business and Economics in Beijing, said Trump’s latest move could be a “negotiating tactic” to press China into buying US agricultural products.

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Commentary: Why Pence’s China smearing won’t work

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BRUSSELS, Sept. 6 (Xinhua) — The fear-mongering rhetoric about China made by U.S. Vice President Mike Pence during his recentEuropeantour isafutileattempt todriveawedge between ChinaandEurope.

In a trip that took him to Poland, Ireland, Iceland and Britain, Mike Pence, the Vice President chief of staff, went to great lengths to smear China on al most each and every occasion, touching upon issues concerning China’s telecommunication giant Huawei,tradeaswellastheBeltandRoadInitiative(BRI).Butunfortunately,Pence’s allegationsaretooabsurdtowithstand anyserious factcheck.

On Huawei, the U.S. government has launched fierce offensive against the private company by fabricating claims of the company posing a security risk. However, Washington has so far failed to offer any credible evidence to prove its accusations .

AsHuaweiisdeeplyembedded intheglobalsupplychain,theChinesecompanyhasbeenwidelyregardedasatime-proven, reliable and safe business partner. It won’t be easy for Washington to persuade even its own allies to ban Huawei over groundless charges.

On trade, Washington itself is a threat to the international trade system. Since it took office more than two years ago, the current U.S. administration has taken on many of its major trading partners around the world, claiming that they have been taking advantage of the United States in global free trade.

Moreover, Washington’s trade hawks have launched a tariff war on a global scale, including levying punitive duties on aluminumandsteel imports from the European Union.

As these trade disputes linger, the world economy is suffering as well. Some key European powers have collectively called on Washingtonto backoff, includingits tradepolicyagainstBeijing.

Therefore, Pence’sboastof”astrongstandonfreeandfairandreciprocaltrade”isuntenableandwilldefinitelyfallondeaf ears.

As for the BRI, more than 150 countries and international organizations so far have signed BRI deals with China, including some European countries likeGreece, Hungary and Italy.

Pence’s China smearingcampaignwill notwork. Instead,Washingtonshouldreflecton its own policies anddeeds,including turning a blind eye to climate change and walking away from the Iranian nuclear deal, moves that have alienated its partners worldwide.

Editor:Huaxia Source: Xinhua

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ChinaEuropean Union relations

What we should know about it; general and historic information

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Relations between the European Union (EU) and China or Sino–European relations were established in 1975. According to the European External Action Service, the EU and China rela tions aim for cooperation in the areas of “peace, prosperity, sustainable development and people-to-people exchanges. ’’The EU is China’s largest trading partner, and China is the EU’s second largest trade partner after the United States, while the EU has put an arms embargo and numerous anti-dumping measures in place.

In the jointly adopted EU-China 2020 Strategic Agenda for Cooperation of 2013, the EU reaffirmed its respect for China’s sovereignty and territorial integrity, while China reaffirmed its support to EU integration. An annual EU-China Summit is being held each year to discuss political and economic relations as well as global and regional issues.

History

After the end of the Cold War, relations with Europe were not as high a priority for China as its relations with the US, Japa n and other Asianpowers.However interestincloserrelationsstartedtoriseaseconomiccontactsincreasedandinterestina multipolar system grew. Although initially imposing an arms embargo on China after Tiananmen (see arms embargo section below), European leaders eased off China’s isolation. China’s growing economy became the focus for many European visitors and in turn Chinesebusinessmen began to make frequent trips to Europe. Europe’s interest in China led to the EU becoming unusually active with China during the 1990s with high-level exchanges. EU-Chinese trade increased faster than the Chinese economy itself, tripling in ten years from USD14.3 billion in 1985 to USD45.6 billion in 1994.

However politicalandsecurityco-operationwashamperedwithChinaseeinglittlechanceofheadwaythere. Europewas leadingthedesireforNorthAtlanticTreaty OrganizationexpansionandinterventioninKosovo,whichChinaopposedasitsaw them as extending US influence. However, by 2001 China moderated its anti -US stance in the hopes that Europe would cancel its arms embargo but pressure from the US led to the embargo remaining in place. Due to this, China saw the EU as being too weak, divided and dependent on the US to be a significant power. Even in the economic sphere, China was angered at protectionist measures against its exports to Europe and the EU’s opposition to giving China the status of market economy in order to join the World Trade Organization.

However, economiccooperationcontinued,withtheEU’s “New AsiaStrategy”,thefirstAsia–EuropeMeeting in1996,the 1998 EU-China summit and frequent policy documents desiring clos er partnerships with China. Although the 1997 Asian financial crisis dampened investors’ enthusiasm, China weathered the crisis well and continued to be a major focus of EU trade. Chinese leaders were anxious to return the European interest and made high l evel visits throughout the 1990s, visits that were accompanied by major EU sales to China. Trade in 1993 saw a 63% increase from the previous year. China became Europe’s fourth largest trading partner at this time. Even following the financial crisis in 19 97, EU-Chinese trade increased by 15% in 1998.

Francewas leadingtheEU’s desireforclosertiesinorder to establishamultipolarworldandwasthefirst,alongwithRussia,to establish strategic partnerships with China. Relations between the European Union and China have experienced a cool down after China canceled the EU-China yearly summit in November 2008. This was apparently caused due to French President Sarkozy’s plans to meet with the Dalai Lama.

The EU-China 2020 Strategic Agenda for Cooperation, adopted in 2013, calls for cooperation in the areas of “peace, prosperity, sustainabledevelopmentandpeople-to-people exchanges.”In2016,theEUadoptedthe “JointCommunicationonelements for a new EU strategy on China” as its strategy on China. On the 16th of October 2018, the European Union Naval Force and the

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Chinese People’s Liberation Army Navy held for the first time ever a joint military exercise. The exercise took place at a Ch inese militarybaseinDjiboutiandwascompletedsuccessfully.RearAdmiralAlfonsoPerez DeNanclaressaidthatpreparationsfor future exercises withthe ChineseNavy are currentlytaking place.

There were trades in goods and services. Machinery and vehicles dominate both exports and imports. The top five exports of Chinaarecomputers, broadcastingequipment,telephones, officemachinepartsandintegrated circuits.China’stopfiveimports are crude petroleum, integrated circuits, iron ore, gold and cars The trade in services play an important role in all modern economics.Aresilienttertiaryservicesector,aswellasanincreasedavailabilityofservices,mayboosteconomicgrowth and enhance industrial performance. In an increasingly localized world, services such as finance, insurance, transport, logistics and communications deliver key intermediate inputs and thereby provide crucial support to the rest of the economy .

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Review of Ten Songs of Change

Performance at CC Amstel on August the 14th , written by Dr. King Hoen Tan

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Inspired by Yi Jing
Lulu Wang: Text and presentation in Mandarin and Dutch Maya Fridman: Cello and songs
Marionvon Tilzer:Pianoandcomposition

Inthe programMarionvonTilzerexplainedthatthebookofchangestheYiJingwasthebasisforTenSongsofChangea combination of text and music for cello , piano and vocals. The first texts of this 5000 year old book were developed by the nomads. The book ‘’The Book of changes’’ was formed by 64 hexagrams, each of which was composed of eight trigrams. Every trigram was symbolic for the eight basic energies of nature. She explained that the music was based on so -called trigrams, each ofthesetrigramshappenedto playaroleinher personallifeanddirectlyinfluencedhercomposition.

Lulu Wang used 1000 year old poems from the Tang and Song dynasty. Lulu Wang wrote that she took Yi Jing, to explain the poems. When shewould leavethe earth shewould takewith her European musicandChinesecalligraphy.Thecombinationof EuropeanmusicinstrumentsandChineseculturalheritage,hererepresented byTangpoetryandYiChing,wasamazing.

The spectator was overwhelmed by the compelling presentation. From the dark three women approach ed the stage, in long dresses andbarefoot. The crispsoundofLulu Wangcitingthe poems inMandarinandexplainingthetekst inDutch was compelling.Thecombinationwiththe celloandpianomusicwithvocalswasfantastic,thesongsandmusichadasadundertone, but it made you hoping it would continue.

For me it was a fairy taleand the prove that European musical instruments and Chinesepoetry and wisdom could be a match fixed in heaven. It was a pity that in ended after 60 minutes but maybe this was the strength of this show. I could strongly recommend it.

It was the prove that East and West can meet.

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Trip to Beijing

on January the 13th

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The Great Wall near Badalin

This is unbelievable ! A trip to China for two people for just €1850, on the 13th of January. We will stay in the Super House International Hotel, a four-star hotel, with breakfast included. There is an excursion every day and a meeting with our friend Zhang JIN XION.

What is included in the price?
Day one: Departure from Amsterdam
Day two: Drum tower, visit to a teahouse and the antique-street Liulichang.
Day three: The Great Wall of China, Ming graves and the Holy Path, lunch included
Dayfour:TheSummer palaceandtheOlympicPark,lunchincluded Dayfive:TheForbiddenCity,Squareofheavenlypeace(TianAnMen) andtheHeavenlyTemple(TianTan) Day six:Lama temple andthe Silkstreet (XIUSHUI MARKET and HONGQIAO market).
Dag seven: Return to Amsterdam and end of the cheap ECFA trip.

Additional costs on spot: Eventually an evening program for example: The Red Theatre
KUNG FU (€10)
Tip for the tour guide and driver

SignupbeforethefirstofDecember viaecfa2015@gmail.comwithacopyofyourpassport,(email)addressandphonenumber

www.europeanchinafriendshipassociation.com

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The ECFA Celebrating Chinas 70th Birthday

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TheECFA CelebratedChina’s70yearsofexistenceinRotterdam (up).ThepartyalsoincludedtheChineseambassadorHongXu (down, left). Mister Toine Manders and Gail Lin also attended the party (down,right).

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Onvergetelijke Reis !!!

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                                                                           De Grote Muur bij Badalin                                                             NIET TE GELOVEN ! Reis naar China voor 2 personen voor €1895,00 op 1maart 2020. Wij logeren in het Super House International Hotel**** incl ontbijt. Iedere dag excursies en ontmoeting met onze vriend Zhang JIN XION.                                     DAT IS INCLUSIEF?                                                            Dag 1:Vliegreis van Amsterdam naar Beijing vv                                                                     Dag 2: Drumtoren, bezoek aan theehuis en het antiekstraatje Liulichang. 
Dag 3: Chinese Muur, Minggraven en Heilige Weg. Incl lunch
Dag 4: Zomerpaleis en Olympisch Park. Incl lunch
Dag 5: Verboden Stad, Plein van de Hemelse Vrede en Tempel van de Hemel. 
Dag 6: Lamatempel en Zijdestraat (XIUSHUI MARKET en HONGQIAO market).                                                         Dag 7 Terugkeer naar Amsterdam waar we dezelfde middag aankomen op Schiphol. Einde van de zeer goedkope ECFA REIS                                                                                                                                                       Bijkomende kosten ter plaatse                                     Eventueel avondprogramma bijv Red Theatre  (€20)             
• Fooien voor reisgids en Chauffeur                                       Aanmelding kan tot 1 januari via ecfa2015@gmail.com met een kopie van uw paspoort, (email)adres en telefoonnummer 

      www.europeanchinafriendshipassociation.com

China 70 jaar!

                                                 

                                            CHINA 70 JAAR     

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De kleur rood is al sinds 1911 de kleur van de Han-Chinezen. Daarnaast is het ook de kleur van het communisme. De grote ster staat voor de leidende rol van de communistische partij. De 4 kleine sterren staan voor de volgende 4 bevolkingsgroepen: de arbeiders, de boeren, de kleine burgerij, de vaderlandslievende bezittende klasse

      DE ECFA VIERT DEZE VERJAARDAG IN CHINA SAMEN MET U !

Reisprogramma  

Dag 1  : VERTREK op zaterdag 28 september 2019 Rechtstreekse vlucht met KLM vlucht 897 van Amsterdam Schiphol naar Beijing in de Economy Class.  

Dag 2  : zondag 29 september 2019 In de ochtend aankomst op de luchthaven van Beijing, waar uw gids u op de luchthaven staat op te wachten. Aansluitend bezoek aan het Zomerpaleis. Boottocht op het Kumning Lake.

Transfer terug naar het hotel voor het inchecken. Lunch en diner op eigen gelegenheid. Overnachting in Donfang **** hotel in een 2-persoonskamer, inclusief ontbijt.  

Dag 3  : maandag 30 september 2019 Na het ontbijt vertrek per touringcar met Engelssprekende gids naar de Chinese Muur (Bandaling). ( De kabelbaan is exclusief). Daarna bezoek aan een Jade fabriek. Na de lunch (op eigen gelegenheid) maakt u een wandeling over de Heilige Weg en u brengt een bezoek aan de Ming Tombe in Changling. Transfer terug naar hotel. Lunch en diner op eigen gelegenheid. Na het diner gaan we naar de PEARLMARKET Overnachting in Donfang hotel in een 2-persoonskamer, inclusief ontbijt.  

Dag 4   : dinsdag 1 oktober 2019 Dag ter vrije besteding. De 70e verjaardag van de People’s Republic of China wordt vandaag gevierd. Lunch en diner op eigen gelegenheid. Overnachting in Donfang hotel in een 2-persoonskamer, inclusief ontbijt.  

Dag 5  : woensdag 2 oktober 2019 Na het ontbijt staat uw Engelsprekende gids weer op u te wachten voor en een bezoek aan het Ti’an Men Plein met aansluitend een bezoek aan de Verboden Stad. Na de lunch bezoek aan de Hemelse Tempel. Transfer terug naar hotel. Lunch en diner op eigen gelegenheid. Na het diner gaan we naar de SILKMARKET met de metro.

Overnachting in Donfang ****hotel in een 2-persoonskamer, inclusief ontbijt.  

Dag 6  : donderdag 3 oktober 2019 Na het ontbijt kunt u optioneel een hutong tour maken. Tijdens deze tour krijgt u een stukje écht Beijing te zien; oude smalle steegjes en traditionele huisjes in de oudste wijken van de stad.  U gaat met uw riksja door het doolhof van kleine straatjes en komt o.a. langs de Drumtoren (klokkentoren) en Prince Gong’s mansion (traditionele Chinese stijl). Daarna kunt u (optioneel)een bezoek aan de Lama Tempel brengen. 

Transfer terug naar hotel. Lunch en diner op eigen gelegenheid. Overnachting in Donfang hotel in een 2-persoonskamer, inclusief ontbijt.  

Dag 7  : vrijdag 4 oktober 2019 Transfer naar de luchthaven van Beijing. Rechtstreekse vlucht met KLM van Beijing naar Amsterdam Schiphol in de Economy Class. In de middag aankomst in Amsterdam. De reis kost in feite : KLM-ticket= €986,55, Donfang hotel= €350 excrsies=€350 Totaal 1686,55        

            In plaats €1686,55 betalen ECFA leden: REISSOM €1050,00 pp.                                           1-pers.toeslag €150           Wie eerst komt eerst maalt

Inbegrepen                                                                                                                                                  – rechtstreekse vlucht Amsterdam                                                                                 – Beijing in Economy Class v.v. met KLM                                                                         – luchthavenbelastingen en toeslagen                                                                                               – 1 stuk ruimbagage van max. 23 kg                                                                                             – + 1 stuk handbagage van max. 10 kg                                                                                      – transfers luchthaven                                                                                                           – hotel v.v.                                                                                                                                  – 5 nachten verblijf in 4* Donfang Hotel                                                                               – hotelverzorging op basis van 5 x logies en ontbijt                                                               – 2-persoonskamer voorzien van bad/douche en toilet                                                         – touringcar vervoer met chauffeur voor excursieprogramma                                              – Engelssprekende gids ter plaatse voor het excursieprogramma                                       – Bezoek Zomerpaleis, Bezoek Chinese Muur, bezoek aan Jade fabriek, Heilige Weg, Bezoek Ming Tombe, bezoek    Ti’an Men plein, bezoek aan Verboden Stad, bezoek aan Hemelse Tempel                                                                                         

Niet inbegrepen: – niet genoemde maaltijden en drankjes – overige excursies en entreegelden; boottocht op Kunming Lake, hutong tour in riksja’s, bezoek aan Lama Tempel    – visum – fooien en persoonlijke uitgaven – toeristenbelasting, ter plaatse te betalen — reis- en annuleringsverzekering 

Aanmelding zsm doch uiterlijk op 31 mei. Wie eerst komt eerst maalt. Aanmelding geschiedt door een kopie van uw paspoort en uw NAW gegevens (Naam, Adres, Woonplaats en tel.nummer) door te geven via ecfa2015@gmail.com